Tom Blees, President, The Science Council for Global Initiatives: One of the most exciting aspects of building power ships is that countries with the capability to build shipyards for their construction could essentially become utility companies. The ships could be floated to developing countries that often lack the capital for large construction projects, and they could simply plug a ship into their grid and buy electricity like any consumer. Even if the country owning the ships would sell the electricity at half the average price in Europe, a power ship would pay for itself in less than three years. Thus, countries highly dependent on oil and gas will be able to use their ample funds to build power ship fleets, and developing countries can quickly improve their standards of living with clean, affordable energy.
Clinton Crackel, Co-Founder, Nuclear Fuels Reprocessing Coalition, Executive Consultant to Quantum Dynamic Sciences, Inc.: Since the 2006 test, the technology has improved so that now it is possible to achieve a CO2 stack outlet efficiency of 98% or better. Assuming an efficiency rate of 98% without a scrubber, the estimated lifecycle greenhouse gas emission of a coal-fired power plant would be reduced from 1050 gCO2/kWh to 21 gCO2/kWh. This value is lower than the estimated value of 32 gCO2/kWh for a solar PV unit made of polycrystalline silicon.
Richard McPherson, electrical power and grid security expert. He is pursuing executable humanitarian solutions under the nexus of agriculture, water and energy: For nuclear generated electricity, the path the United States (US) must pursue to achieve security (economic, energy and national to include the economic ability to demonstrate the deterrence required) is available today. The US requires two standard nuclear power plants in manufacturing.
• The NuScale Power Small Modular Reactor (SMR) design.
• The Molten Salt Nuclear Battery (MSNB) design from Micro Nuclear.
Kelvin Kemm is a nuclear physicist and Chairman of the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation and Nuclear Africa (Pty) Ltd: One of the main objectives of government is to reinvigorate the local manufacturing sector and one of the ways to achieve that is to forge ahead with the construction of nuclear plants. South Africa has everything it takes to be a world leader in nuclear and we need the scientists and engineers to be the ones driving this. Going ahead with nuclear projects, with experts at the centre of energy planning, will initiate a hive of activity across the entire country.
Rob Jeffrey, Independent Economic Risk Consultant: South Africa is now (2018) in a recession, the fact is that South Africa does not have the financial resources to revitalise itself. The country suffers from a low savings rate and the government has no money to undertake the task of renewal and development itself. The only means to forge ahead is to make the country attractive to both domestic and foreign investment. Yet there are wild calls for expropriation without compensation, nationalisation of various industries, including one of the most damaging of the lot nationalising the SA reserve bank or using it as a pot of gold. These calls if they are implemented or gather in strength will drive South Africa into an economic death spiral similar to Zimbabwe and Venezuela.
One of South Africa’s key electricity technology energy advisors is a German renewable energy expert and supplier of German wind turbine equipment. Unbelievable. That highlights the desperate situation South African energy is in. German national energy programs based on wind and solar are only one natural crisis away from being in a disastrous situation.